NCT ESSAY

The Analysis of Communication

 

The creation of Planet Earth was not an act or event deemed by chance however, an act of communication by natural forces and living elements growing, changing and responding to each other. Communication occurs in everyday life, commonly seen in human interaction. However, modern society fails to see the correlation between the science and creation of communication when visualising the world as modern man sees it today. The National Communication association, states that the essence of communication is through interaction. Communication is much more than this. It is the interaction between matter. Philosopher John Dewey once stated, “when communication occurs, events turn into objects” (Dewey 1929, pp.28). This statement basically means that the earth is an ongoing from of communication where ongoing event unfolding. Communication is arguably limitless when analysing the culture of communication between science, humans, animals and nature.   When arguing the limitations of communication, it is evident how human communication can fail.

 

The science of communication began when forces such as the magnetic field communicated with particles, drawing them into form Planet Earth (Thompson 1996).  Atoms are known as the smallest quantity of an element. They exist in everything living and nonliving. From atomic particles colliding and collaborating to form compounds, chemical communication occurs which creates different substances. For example, the substance water is made up of two atomic structures such as oxygen and hydrogen bonding to create an essential chemical compound that is vital for the existence of any creature. When the Earth communicated by atomic structures linking, the more complicated deoxyribonucleic acid also known as DNA was born. DNA is a chemical collaboration that was born from the communication of substances working together to produce another creature asexually or more commonly sexually, which involves two creatures communicating chemically to produce offspring.

 

Living organisms are the most studied and interesting mediums for communication as all animals are noted to communicate differently, particularly whales and birds. The study of these animals identifies that there is vast differences in the way that they communicate. Birds are animals that scientists have found challenging to study as they are seen to use little body language (Bartlett 2005). They are more verbal creatures, with signature humming sounds used for different purposes such as mating, calling their flock to alert them of nearby danger and also a territorial echo to warn other birds to not to cross their boundaries (Jacobs 1995 & Kumar 2003). These humming sounds enable trainers to analyse the creature to communicate with them on a deeper scale. Similarly whales can be trained by humans from analysing the communicating methods researched by leading scientists. Whales also communicate verbally, using song under water for similar purposes as a bird: seasonal mating, and calls of danger alerting other whales to receive the message and respond. One of the most controversial forms of communication comes from the killer whale also known as an orca. Orcas are extremely unpredictable and clever, playing with their prey before they consume it (Heaney 1999). The hunting methods of whales, have only been documented twice in history by scientists. A group of orcas gather together communicating by body language with their tails moving in certain directions and constant circling of their prey. Scientists find it difficult completely understand their communication method (Deecke 2005). However, one scientist documented a baby seal trapped on a floating layer of ice. For several minutes scientists witnessed the circling of orcas around piece of ice. The whales communicated to generate a whirlpool, breaking off pieces of ice to making the island increasingly smaller. The whales stoped for a while, when the dominant orca swam the opposite end of the ice and the other half dozen orcas swam further away by a few metres to gather in a horizontal line. The leader orca signalled with her blowhole to start hunting. The line of killer whales swam toward the ice creating a wave, pushing the seal into the leader’s mouth. This act of teamwork has fascinated scientists and has initiated more research on how animals can communicate on a deeper level as humans have the most complicated forms of communication.

 

Humans are the most complicated living organisms when it comes to communication, as humans are so versatile they can manage to send and receive messages with or without the need for face-to-face interaction. Face to face communication is the most common form of communication with body language, facial expression, tone and verbal communication being the predominant messaging signals.  The receiver picks up on these four forms of communication to interpret exactly what the sender may be trying to deliver (Purdy 2008). Humans are most complex, as they may verbally state something however; their body language and facial expression delivers other messages for the receiver to interpret otherwise. Furthermore, the increase in new media communication technologies has resulted in a decline of face-to-face interaction since the 1990s when dial-up became a leading force in modern communication (Curtis 2013). Relationships can survive years without any face-to-face communication through technologies such as e-mail, telephone and social media websites (Moules 2012). Modern society sees teenagers and younger audiences becoming addicted to communicating through these mediums. Leading psychologist see a trend where the youth spend less time communicating face to face and more time online. 

 

From analysing communication in science, animals and humans, it is evident that communication surrounds Earth and fuels development in all aspects of daily life. The limitations of communication are virtually unlimited in any context. With technology rapidly dominating lives, the boundaries may be pushed extensively where modern society may only communicate through technological mediums. The need for face-to-face interaction may not even be necessary. In a broad sense, this may even cause human communication failure as receivers only have one form of communication to interpret, which is text. This can often be misunderstood resulting in misinterpretation in the meaning and tone of the text. Other failures of communication occur when the tone, body language, facial expression and language don’t equally interpret the same message. For example, if a sender verbally expressed a positive message to a receiver and the tone of the voice appeared negative with the individual crossing their arms and rolling their eyes, the receiver would be confused and the message would become misinterpreted.  This is the issue that modern society faces with text. Individuals have to guess the tone of voice when interpreting the text.

 

It is clear that there are direct trends in communication between animals, nature, humans and science. Communication is everything.  It is the fuel that brings what is seen today to life. It promotes growth and development in scientific and technological aspects. The limitations of communication are endless however; if the boundaries are crossed too far it may be the subject of failure between human communications (Purdy 2008). The future of communication for modern man is unknown. Communication is seen to be constantly changing and evolving even in the English language. Historical documents in the English language may be the subject of misinterpretation due to the vast difference in language styles. In the future it is believed that the modern English language may be misunderstood due to the constant changes in communication. The research for communication in humans, animals, science and the Earth will never stop as communication is always changing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference List

 

Anonymous 2013, Non-Human Communication, Crisnfo, Viewed 10 September 2013,  http://www.crisinfo.org/non-human-communication/.

 

Anonymous 2013, What is communication? Viewed September 9 2013, http://www.natcom.org/discipline/.

 

Bartlett, C 2005, How Birds Communicate, Harbour City Star, Informart a division of Postmedia Network Inc, Nanaimo, B.C.

 

Curtis, A 2013, The Brief History of Social Media, viewed 11 September 2013, <http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/NewMedia/SocialMedia/SocialMediaHistory.html&gt;.

 

Deecke, V 2005, The Vocal Behavious of Mammal-eating killer whales: communicating with costly calls, Animal Behaviour, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 1.

 

Dewey, J 1992, Experience and Nature, George Allen and Unwin Limited, Osmania. a

 

Heaney, K 1999, ‘Why do whales communicate at the frequencies they do? Lessons from underwater acoustic signal processing’, Acoustical Society of America, vol.105, no.2, pp.1263 – 1263.

 

Jacobs, M 1997, ‘How Birds Communicate’, University of Iowa, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 64 – 74, <http://www.jstor.org.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/stable/20154506&gt;.

 

Kumar, A 2003, ‘Acoustic Communication in Birds’ Springer India,  vol. 8 no. 6, pp. 44 – 55, http://link.springer.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/article/10.1007%2FBF02837868

 

Purdy, M 2008, The Limits to Human Contact: How communication technology mediates relashipnships,viewed 8 September 2013, <http://www.academia.edu/603616/The_limits_to_human_contact_How_communication_technology_mediates_relationships&gt;.

Malhawii, K 2010, ‘Whales use ‘Gestures’ to communicatie when ocean becomes noisy’, The Hindustan Times, New Delhi 2010.

 

Miur, J & Bogue, G 2012, ‘ Do Birds Communicate with Humans?’, Contra Costa Times, Bay Area News Group, Walnat Creek, California U.S, pp..

 

Moules, J 2012, ‘Social Media use to Increase’ The Financial Times Limited London, vol. 12 no.1 pp. 1.

 

Russo, A 2008, ‘Participatory Communication with Social Media’, Curator (New York, N.Y), vol. 51 no.1, pp. 21 – 31.

 

Thompson, T 1996, On Creation Science and the Alleged Decay of the Earth’s Magnetic Field,  viewed September 16 2013, http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/magfields.html.

 

 

 

 

 (This Essay was Posted on the 19th Oct and didn’t submit properly) 

Week 6 Readings

This week had three important readings including the reading by Whitman which caught my attention the most. It questions how well does music predict your politics? The reading shows the quirky tastes of music that politicians have and how they reflect their polls. I’m not too sure about the accuracy of this article but it was quite amusing to read! It was an interesting notion that individuals can be united by the similarities in music taste. I’ve attached the Table below so that you can see it yourself!

It was quite strange to see the what types of artists whose fans were most correlated to the Republican or Democratic party. I’ve attached the list below

Artists whose fans are most correlated to Republican

  • 1. Kenny Chesney
  • 2. George Strait
  • 3. Reba McEntire
  • 4. Tim McGraw
  • 5. Jason Aldean
  • 6. Blake Shelton
  • 7. Shania Twain
  • 8. Kelly Clarkson
  • 9. Pink Floyd[7]
  • 10. Elvis Presley

Artists whose fans are most correlated to Democrat

  • 1. Rihanna
  • 2. Jay-Z
  • 3. Madonna
  • 4. Lady Gaga
  • 5. Katy Perry
  • 6. Snoop Dogg
  • 7. Chris Brown
  • 8. Usher
  • 9. Eminem
  • 10. Bob Marley

What party do you align your music taste with?  The republicans would have my vote based on music taste.

References

Stockwell, Stephen and Adam Muir (2003). “The Military-Entertainment Complex: A New Facet of Information Warfare”Fibreculture Journal 1(1)

Whitman, B. (2012) “How well does music predict your politics?” http://notes.variogr.am/post/26869688460/how-well-does-music-predict-your-politics

Pangburn, D. (2011)  “Digital Activism From Anonymous to Occupy Wall Street: a Conversation With Gabriella Coleman”.  http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/157192/digital-activism-from-anonymous-to-occupy-wall-street-a-conversation-with-gabriella-coleman/ 

Week 6 Tutorial Tasks

Week 6 Tutorial Task

 

The task for this week was to complete a few activities while sticking to my political beliefs. I completely understand that our views are subject to opinions and opinions often don’t align. I hope not to offend anyone with my political opinions, and if you don’t agree with me, feel free to comment below and tell me why!

  1. I kick-started the list of activities by signing an e-petition. I went onto the Queensland Parliament website to sign an e-petition that aligned with my political views. There weren’t many that I could say made me desperately want to sign my name against them but I decided to sign the petition for:

 

Subject:

Request for additional trains on the Gold Coast line in peak hours

Eligibility:

Queensland residents

Sponsoring Member:

Michael Crandon MP

Principal Petitioner:

Anglea Shilliday

 

Unit 20 Hope Island Central

 

340 Hope Island Road

 

HOPE ISLAND QLD 4212

 

 

Number of Signatures:

90

Posting Date:

15/08/2013

Closing Date:

11/09/2013

 

It’s not really an issue that I’m passionate about but it is something that I somewhat agree with. I do believe this will boost the tourism in the Gold Coast and benefit those living in that area.

 

  1. I was unsure about how to send Barak Obama a message, but I initiated a ‘tweet’ to his party touching on the importance of freedom on the internet.
  2.  I found out my local, state and federal representatives were and I sent Bill Glasson a warm message wishing him the best for the campaign.
  3. I let my local member know what I thought about their last speech and whether I agreed with his policies.

It’s quite difficult to compete all the activities without sticking completely to my political beliefs as a Liberal girl. I do think that the National Broadband Network is important. However, this is one of Labours plans which I unfortunately won’t be voting for. I believe Labour has had their chance to create change and they failed.

Thanks again for reading.

 

Week 6 – Politics – Who are you voting for?

Before studying this week’s topic of ‘Politics and the Internet’, I wouldn’t have labelled myself as a person which is actively involved in any type of politics. I come from a politics free family, with a satisfactory understanding of the Australian Political Party systems. It was so fascinating to see what party aligns with my core values as the election is not far away! I am genuinely pleased that I completed the tutorial tasks to find out my political position, as it will help me vote in the coming weeks for the party that I believe will move Australia forward.

Although politics is quite a personal/private topic that people tend to disagree on, I’ve decided to share where my political views aligned before and after the questionnaire. Before the questionnaire, I would have voted Labour. I believed Kevin Rudd had the ability to speak well, answer questions in a timely manner and also ask challenging questions to the opposition. I disliked the fact that Rudd often commented that Tony Abbot wouldn’t be able to handle the big position. It was interesting to see how Rudd made comments about Tony Abbot lacking the ‘temperament to deal with crises like Seria’ (Sheridan 2013).  After a series of long questions, I found two topics out of the thirty questions that I felt quite passionately about such as the economy, in bringing the budget back to surplus and the controversial topic of gay marriage.

Firstly with the topic of the budget, I researched a graph found on the Australian Conservative website. This image depicts the two parties and how much money they spent. During the times that labour has been leading the nation, we have faced numerous economic crisis such as the Global Financial Crisis in 2008 (Courier Mail, 2013).

Image=

Secondly, I believe in modern society homosexuality is widely accepted. I accept homosexuality and do not frown upon homosexuals. However, I do believe that marriage should be between a man and a woman.

 

Complete the quiz yourself to help you vote for the right party!

http://www.abc.net.au/votecompass/ 

 

References

Sheridan, Greg 2013, ‘Rudd’s delusions of grandeur are alarming – ELECTION 2013′, News Digital Media, Canberra A.C.T, retrieved 30 August 2013, [http://search.proquest.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/docview/1428310423].

Week 5 Blog

From day to day, Social media is always on my list of things to access and check. The social media site that I often refer to is predominately my Hotmail and I check this numerous times a day. Facebook on the other hand, is a social media site that I refer to every few days to keep in touch with close friends and family whether they are in Brisbane, interstate or overseas. After studying this unit, I’ve been questioning whether I want to continue using Facebook due to privacy concerns that have been mentioned. Facebook is known to be a great way to keep in touch, but it is also a major time killer. I’ve wasted numerous hours just looking thorough useless information about what people are doing with their life from what they do to what they eat. It’s pointless.  I would see about 3 – 4 of my online friends per week (friends from school), who I also communicate with by mobile phone. Again, I’m questioning the usefulness of Facebook. I have more friends that are off=line that I connect with than the friends that are Facebook or online. I believe the use of the mobile phone is increasing and becoming more affordable. I chat with most of my friends through apps such as Viber and Whatsapp which allow you to text and talk to your friends for free.  

I can see a trend that my Facebook consumption is decreasing drastically for 2 reasons.

1. I find it time wasting and pointless so I decrease my time on the website.

2. Friends are also finding it time wasting and pointless so they are decreasing their consumption of Facebook resulting in contacting them via another medium.

Facebook will certainly  become a victim of churn, the exact same way Bebo and MySpace did a few years back. An article by McDermott discusses Facebook’s rapidly declining stocks (McDermott, 2012). It may be known as the biggest online social networking site but it is proving to be a poor investment as it is too expensive with a whopping $38/share (McDermott, 2012). In comparason with power hungry Google, these social networking websites are manipulative and have a desire to control the online empire (Sheehan, 2012).

As a consumer of social media, I want to see something new. Not something old. As Sheehan states in the readings, ‘why are [Google] trying to turn themselves into a Facebook-plus?] Facebook is already on the decline and the lasting power of the new Google Mail Account is already heading on it’s downward spiral. Consumers WILL stop using these social networking services as privacy has become a huge concern. (If you would like to read more about privacy and social networking, please refer to my previous posts below).

Thank you for reading —

References 

Sheehan, Paul (2012) “Internet giants can earn with ease, it is churn they must fear” SMH, 7 June, page 15

Boyd, Danah, & Nicole Ellison (2007). “Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship“. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1). 

McDermott, John 2012, ‘Facebook Stock Decline Deepens’, The Post and Courier, Charlston United States. Accessed 24th August 2013. http://search.proquest.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/docview/1018546581]

Week 5 Tutorial Task

Hello Everyone and I welcome you back to my week 5 tutorial blog. For this weeks task, a survey had to be created in order to analyse the use of social media. I’m not going to lie, I had a bit of difficulty choosing what questions to ask. What did I really want to know? To find out what I asked, take the survey below. It shouldn’t take any more than 10 minutes to complete.

http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/C2DQ2RR

 

I shared my link via Facebook, twitter and Hotmail. To be honest, I don’t use twitter at all and Facebook much, but I thought it would be an interesting way to get more participants. Overall, I had a not too many participants and I believe my survey was extremely inaccurate. The survey basally confirmed what I already knew and the poor result of my survey is a result of my poor question choices. Now that I reflect on the answers I see how it was silly for me to ask what age group most of my participants were. Obviously, the majority would be between the 18 – 24 year old bracket and the websites that they predominantly use are Facebook and LinkedIn.  Basically answers that I already knew.

 

I might complete another quiz with better questions to get a more accurate response. If you would like me to do another quiz vote ‘Yes’ in the poll below! Thanks for reading

Week 4 Blog

Both the Gibson and Lister readings are such interesting readings. Particularly the Lister reading, which focuses on Media in Everyday Life. There was one sentence in the Lister reading that caught my eye the most.  I couldn’t agree with Lister any more when he stated, “The popular culture of new media began with video games, a medium that brought with it a technological imaginary of an everyday future disappearing into the ‘çyberian apartness’ of virtual worlds”. A lot of adolescents, both male and female of all ages, seclude themselves from the outside world and become fixated on the numerous video games that are on the market. Countless times, personal friends of mine avoided leaving the house as they had to ‘finish a level’ before they could carry on with their everyday lives. To an extent, they would decrease their schedules in order to fit more time in for video games. To a drastic extent, video game players see the world with rose colored glasses as they isolate themselves friends, work and activities that fuel the mind.

Scientists believe that these video game players are living their life through the characters which results in mental illnesses such as social phobias. An article by Ortega discusses video game players becoming pathological. It details how and why occupational and family life becomes affected. These 2 readings and 1 academic source corroborate to reinforce the notion about cyberpunk and cyberspace (refer to tutorial task 4 below). In our society today technology is a dominant part of our culture. We are fueled by technology. Reflecting on the readings and understanding how technology has dominated my life, I plan to reduce hours on technological devices. For a few weeks, I aim to stay off social networking websites, cut down television time, stop playing video games, reduce my hours on the computer and limiting the benefits of technology only for academic purposes.  I want to document the differences between my life with all technology and my life without the unnecessary forms of technology.  I may share my findings with you all in a post in the near future, so stay tuned for that. 

Thanks for reading.

References:

Lister, Martin et al (2009) New Media: a critical introduction,  London: Routledge, 237-42, 281-3.

Gibson, William (1995) ‘Burning Chrome’, Burning Chrome and Other Stories, London: Voyager, 195-220.

Ortega, J R 2011, ‘Pro: Can Video Games lead to Mental Illness?’, Mclatchy, Washington.  Accessed 24th August 2013. 

Week 4 Tutorial Task

When I first read about Cyberpunk I briefly researched the concept to learn that Cyberspace and Cyberpunk relates to a Science Fictional Genre of a society with a uncontrolled subculture that is dominated by Technology. I constantly questioned, our society today. Aren’t we a society driven by the dominance of technology? As a teen, I am constantly switching my social networking sites based on the general hype. What my friends are using today.

This week, I created a timeline of key moments in cyberpunk based from the World Wide Web. I chose to do this as it related to all modern teenagers. I listed the key dates since the World Wide Web was created on the 22nd March 1989 to Present day websites. I have included when websites were first founded, a bit of background about each website and their logo so that they are easily identified. I was absolutely astonished during this task when I was researching when some of these websites were created. Some of the oldest websites such as LinkedIn which was created in 2003 have really only surfaced and become dominant 10 years later! I was also suprised to find that Myspace and Facebook were only created one year apart and still Myspace was seen to be the dominant social networking website for years.

social net

Please take a look at  a timeline I created depicting when the most visited internet destinations were founded:

http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/most-popular-internet-destinations

Thanks for reading this weeks post. Stay tuned for next week!

Week 3

Tutorial Task

Stephen Stockwell’s books in the Libraray!

&Stockwell, Stephen & Scott, Paul 2010, All-media guide to fair and cross-cultural reporting: for journalists, program makers and media students / Stephen Stockwell and Paul Scott, Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Nathan.

Stockwell, Stephen 2005, Political campaign strategy: doing democracy in the 21st century, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.

 Alphaville

From the libary database, 3 academic sources could provide useful material for an essay about Jean Luc Godard’s Alphaville.

(Nathan Campus) | Brody, Richard 2008, Everything is cinema: the working life of Jean-Luc Godard, Metropolitan books, New York.

(Online) | Drake, Chris 2005, Alphaville: A French Fim Guide, Tauris & Company, London.

(Gold Coast) | Sanders, Steve 2008, The philosophy of science fiction film ,  University Press of Kentucky, Lexington.

What is a book that will help find out possible research methods to explore social media?

Poynter, Ray 2010, The handbook of online and social media research : tools and techniques for market researchers, Wiley, New York.

Stockwell, Stephen 2007, ’Alternative Media in Brisbane: 1965-1985’, Queensland review, Volume 14, no 1, p75 – 87. Viewed August

What is the latest medical thinking about internet addiction?

Bacically medical practitioners believe that young teenagers are becoming house bound while focusing on their lives on social media websites. It’s almost like an obsession

What databse did you use?

Mansfield, Sarah 2011, ‘Social Media and the Medical Profession’, Medical Journal of Australia, Vol. 194, pp. 642. Retrieved 12 August 2013 from Wiley.